Animal Science, Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine
Journal or Book Title
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Objective—To determine the accuracy of sow culling classifications reported by lay personnel on commercial swine farms.
Design—Retrospective cohort study.
Animals—A convenience sample of 923 sows from 8 conventional, farrow-to-wean farms that followed standard operating procedures.
Procedures—Sows were examined at slaughter, and lesions were recorded. Individual production records were reviewed to determine the farm-reported reason for culling the sows, and criteria were developed to assess the accuracy of recorded culling classifications.
Results—For 209 of the 923 (23%) sows, the farm-reported culling classification was judged to be inaccurate. The culling code was considered to be inaccurate for 62 of 322 (19%) sows reportedly culled because of old age, 48 of 172 (28%) sows reportedly culled because of failure to conceive, 31 of 90 (34%) sows reportedly culled because of poor body condition, and 23 of 73 (32%) sows reportedly culled because of poor farrowing productivity.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Results suggested that for commercial swine farms, farm-reported culling code classifications were frequently inaccurate. This degree of inaccuracy may cause severe limitations for studies that rely on farm-reported assessments of clinical conditions.
American Veterinary Medical Association
Knauer, Mark; Karriker, Locke A.; Baas, Thomas J.; Johnson, Colin; and Stalder, Kenneth J., "Accuracy of sow culling classifications reported by lay personnel on commercial swine farms" (2007). Animal Science Publications. 412.