Campus Units

Animal Science

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date

6-15-2012

Journal or Book Title

Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology

Volume

261

Issue

3

First Page

227

Last Page

235

DOI

10.1016/j.taap.2012.04.009

Abstract

The mammalian ovary is a heterogeneous organ, and contains oocyte-containing follicles at varying stages of development. The most immature follicular stage, the primordial follicle, comprises the ovarian reserve and is a finite number, defined at the time of birth. Depletion of all follicles within the ovary leads to reproductive senescence, known as menopause. A number of chemical classes can destroy follicles thus hastening entry into the menopausal state. The ovarian response to chemical exposure can determine the extent of ovotoxicity that occurs. Enzymes capable of bioactivating as well as detoxifying xenobiotics are expressed in the ovary and their impact on ovotoxicity have been partially characterized for trichloroethylene, 7,12- dimethylbenz[a]anthracene, and 4-vinylcyclohexene. This review will discuss those studies, as well as illustrate where knowledge gaps remain for chemicals that have also been established as ovotoxicants.

Comments

This is a manuscript of an article published as Bhattacharya, Poulomi, and Aileen F. Keating. "Impact of environmental exposures on ovarian function and role of xenobiotic metabolism during ovotoxicity." Toxicology and applied pharmacology 261, no. 3 (2012): 227-235. doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2012.04.009. Posted with permission.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Copyright Owner

Elsevier Inc.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Published Version

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