Animal Science, Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, Microbiology
Journal or Book Title
Previous studies have demonstrated evidence for a relationship between the vaginal microbiome and reproductive performance, suggesting the vaginal microbiota may serve as a tool to predict farrowing outcomes in commercial pigs. In this study, we compared the vaginal microbiome in sows with low and high farrowing performance and used it to classify animals with contrasting reproductive outcomes in commercial sows following immune challenge with porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome (PRRS) vaccination. Eighteen microbes were differentially abundant (q-value < 0.05) between the Low and High farrowing performance groups. Among them, Campylobacter, Bacteroides, Porphyromonas, Lachnospiraceae unclassified, Prevotella, and Phascolarctobacterium were also selected in the discriminant and linear regression analyses, and could be used as potential biomarkers for reproductive outcomes. The correct classification rate in the two groups was 100%. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that vaginal microbiota collected after PRRS vaccination could be potentially used to classify sows into having low or high farrowing performance in commercial herds.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Sanglard, L. P.; Schmitz-Esser, S.; Gray, K. A.; Linhares, D. C. L.; Yeoman, C. J.; Dekkers, J. C. M.; Niederwerder, M. C.; and Serão, N. V. L., "Vaginal microbiota diverges in sows with low and high reproductive performance after porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome vaccination" (2020). Animal Science Publications. 532.