Campus Units

Animal Science

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

6-1-2004

Journal or Book Title

Poultry Science

Volume

83

Issue

6

First Page

911

Last Page

916

DOI

10.1093/ps/83.6.911

Abstract

To determine the role of genetics in baseline lymphocyte parameters, several distinct lines of chickens were examined for differences in peripheral blood leukocyte (PBL) populations. Four highly inbred chicken lines (MHC congenic Fayoumi lines M15.2 and M5.1, and MHC congenic Leghorn lines G-B1 and G-B2), two advanced intercrosses [F5 (Broiler × G-B2) and F5 (Broiler × M15.2)], and an outbred population of broilers were used. Leukocytes isolated from healthy adult birds were labeled with monoclonal antibodies: chCD3, chCD4, chCD8, chBu-1, and hCD14. Flow cytometry was used to determine the total percentage of positively labeled cells for each surface marker in a sample, as well as the mean fluorescent intensity, or surface marker density, of a labeled subset. Significant line differences for percentage positive CD3 T cells and the ratio of B cells:T cells (represented by the Bu-1:CD3 ratio) were found. The effect of line was also significant for CD3 and CD8 T cell receptor density. Effects of sex and MHC on PBL cell surface marker expression were not significant in the lines examined. This study demonstrates the effect of genetic line on resting leukocyte composition of peripheral blood in the chicken lines examined. Observed PBL differences add to our growing knowledge of the varied roles that immune system status (defined by specific cell populations) and genetic background have in determining susceptibility and disease progression in chickens.

Comments

This article is published as Cheeseman, J. H., M. G. Kaiser, and S. J. Lamont. "Genetic line effect on peripheral blood leukocyte cell surface marker expression in chickens." Poultry Science 83, no. 6 (2004): 911-916. DOI: 10.1093/ps/83.6.911. Posted with permission.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Copyright Owner

Poultry Science Association, Inc.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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