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Animal Science, Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine

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Accepted Manuscript

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Journal or Book Title

Journal of Animal Science





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The main objective of this experiment was to determine the standardized ileal digestible (SID) Lys requirement of immunologically castrated (IC) and physically castrated (PC) male pigs during 3 growth phases. An additional objective was to compare the ADFI of PC and IC after the second anti-gonadotropin releasing factor (GnRF) injection. Three hundred male pigs (PIC 359 × C29), 150 each of IC and PC, were allotted to 1 of 5 treatments: 80, 90, 100, 110, or 120% of the estimated Lys requirement using the NRC (2012) modeling program. Pigs remained on the same treatment throughout each of the 3 phases. Lysine requirements were determined at 3 stages of growth starting at a BW of 30.0 ± 0.8, 64.7 ± 1.4, and 111.9 ± 1.9 kg for IC and 32.4 ± 0.6, 69.8 ± 1.0, and 114.5 ± 1.3 kg for PC. Anti-GnRF injections were administered to IC at 11.5 and 19 wk (average BW = 96.3 ± 1.8 kg) of age. The one-slope broken line regression and quadratic plateau models were used, and the best model was selected based on the Akaike information criterion. The IC SID Lys requirements based on ADG were 1.03, 0.97, and 0.55% and for G:F, the requirements were 0.99, 0.72, and 0.55% for phases 1, 2, and 3, respectively. For PC, the SID Lys requirements based on ADG were 0.86, 0.62, and 0.47% and for G:F were 0.86, 0.58, and 0.47% for phases 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Immunologically castrated pigs had greater SID Lys requirements for phases 1 and 2 compared to PC (0.17 and 0.35 percentage points greater for ADG and 0.13 and 0.14 percentage points greater for G:F for phases 1 and 2, respectively). After the second injection, when IC pigs are believed to become physiologically more similar to PC pigs, the SID Lys requirements continue to be greater for IC (0.55 vs. 0.47% for both ADG and G:F). The ADFI of IC increased 4 d after the second injection relative to PC. By 2 wk post second injection, the ADFI of IC exceeded that of PC (P < 0.05). Adopting immunological castration as a management tool requires an understanding that IC need to be fed differently compared to PC, to maximize growth performance. Immunologically castrated pigs have a greater SID Lys requirement throughout the grower and finishing periods compared to the PC.


This is a manuscript of an article published as Elsbernd, A. J., C. F. M. De Lange, K. J. Stalder, L. A. Karriker, and J. F. Patience. "SID lysine requirement of immunologically and physically castrated male pigs during the grower, early and late finisher periods." Journal of animal science 95, no. 3 (2017): 1253-1263. doi:10.2527/jas.2016.0544. Posted with permission.

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American Society of Animal Science



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