Journal or Book Title
The objective of this study was to investigate frequencies of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II restriction fragments in two groups of White Leghorn strains. Each group consisted of an unselected control, a strain selected for egg production traits, and a strain selected for egg production traits and Marek's disease (MD) resistance. PvuII-digested genomic DNA was hybridized with a chicken genomic MHC class II probe. The MHC class II DNA fragment frequencies in the selected strains differed from those in the related unselected control and in the strain selected using the same criteria from a different base population. Based on the sizes of the breeding populations, particularly those in the control strain and in the strain selected for egg production, it was considered unlikely that the observed changes of the MHC class II fragment frequencies were due to random genetic drift. The data suggested that some MHC class II bands are associated with production traits or with MD resistance, and that these associations tend to be unique to each genetic background. Hence, MHC class II genes are likely candidates for the investigation of quantitative trait loci in egg production and disease resistance traits such as those for which the studied strains were selected.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Poultry Science Association Inc.
Lakshmanan, N.; Gavora, J. S.; and Lamont, Susan J., "Major histocompatibility complex class II DNA polymorphisms in chicken strains selected for Marek's disease resistance and egg production or for egg production alone" (1997). Animal Science Publications. 821.