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The chicken major histocompatibility complex (MHC) exerts genetic influence over a variety of important biological functions including immune response, disease resistance, growth and development, aging, and reproduction. The chicken MHC possesses at least three subregions encoding distinct gene products. The B-G subregion encodes antigens unique to erythrocyte surfaces. The B-L and B-F subregions encode cell surface glycoproteins homologous to mammalian Class II and Class I antigens, respectively. Class I and Class II molecules are crucial for recognition of self vs. nonself and for cell communication, and therefore are fundamental for all immune responses. Studies of chromosomal recombinants have been particularly useful in eliciting the structure and function of subregions of the chicken MHC.
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Poultry Science Association Inc.
Nordskog, A. W.; Pevzner, I. Y.; and Lamont, Susan J., "Subregions and Functions of the Chicken Major Histocompatibility Complex" (1987). Animal Science Publications. 838.