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Thirteen highly inbred lines of chickens of Leghorn, Spanish, and Egyptian Fayoumi origin, four partly inbred Leghorn lines selected for MHC alleles and immune response to GAT (Ir-GAT), and two replicated, noninbred Leghorn lines divergently selected for multiple immune response traits were subjected to molecular genotyping for endogenous viral (ev) gene sequences. In all highly inbred lines of Leghorn origin, ev 1 alone or both ev 1 and ev 2 were observed. The Spanish and Fayoumi lines had three and five ev genes, respectively, most of which were not readily identifiable with standard Leghorn ev gene loci. The Leghorn lines selected for MHC and Ir-GAT had ev 1 fixed in the population. Differences in ev 3 and ev 5 gene frequency were associated with Ir-GAT in the B1 haplotype, but not in the B19 haplotype. In the noninbred lines, which were divergently selected for multiple traits of immune responsiveness, ev 6 and ev 9 differed in frequency between lines, and both were in lower frequency in the lines selected for high immunoresponsiveness. These two ev genes are the only ones known in White Leghorns that have the gs– chf+ phenotype [expressing chicken helper factor (chf) but not expressing group-specific antigen (gs)].
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Poultry Science Association Inc.
Lamont, Susan J.; Chen, Y.; Aarts, H. J. M.; van der Hulst-van Arkel, M. C.; Beuving, G.; and Leenstra, F. R., "Endogenous Viral Genes in Thirteen Highly Inbred Chicken Lines and in Lines Selected for Immune Response Traits" (1992). Animal Science Publications. 839.