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The enzymatic hydrolysates (EHs) of the eggshell membrane (ESM) were obtained after incubating eggshell membrane in solutions prepared with Na2SO3 and alkaline protease combinations. The effects of enzyme species, enzyme dosage, Na2SO3 concentration, and hydrolysis time on the antioxidant activity of the ESM-EH were determined. Also, the correlation between the degree of hydrolysis (DH) and the antioxidant activity of ESM-EH was analyzed. The DH of ESM-EH showed a highly positive correlation with the reducing power (R2 = 0.857) and total antioxidant activity (TAA) (R2 = 0.876) and performed negative correlation with the Fe2+-chelating ability (R2 = −0.529). The molecular weight distribution of the ESM-EH was determined by MALDI-TOF/MS. Cation exchange chromatography (Sephadex C-25) was used to isolate the ESM-EH and then the enzymatic hydrolysis fragment (EHF) was obtained. Among the five isolated fragments (F1~F5), fragment 3 (F3), which was composed of 28 polypeptides, showed the highest ability to quench ABTS• (2,2-azinobis-3-ethyl-benzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (90.44%) and also displayed stronger TBARS (thiobarbituric acid– reactive substances) (58.17%) and TAA (303.82 µg /mL) than the ESM-EH. Further analysis of the 28 peptides in F3 identified using LC-MS/MS indicated that five peptides (ESYHLPR, NVIDPPIYAR, MFAEWQPR, LLFAMTKPK, MLKMLPFK) showed high water-solubility, biological activities, and antioxidant characteristics. Finally, the TAA of the synthetic peptide was verified, the synthetic peptides ESYHLPR and MFAEWQPR performed the best activity and have high potentials to be used as antioxidant agents in functional foods, pharmaceuticals, or cosmetics.
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Zhao, Qian-Cheng; Zhao, Jie-Yuan; Ahn, Dong Uk; Jin, Yong-Guo; and Huang, Xi, "Separation and Identification of Highly Efficient Antioxidant Peptides from Eggshell Membrane" (2019). Animal Science Publications. 867.