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Phosvitin (PV) from egg yolk is an excellent substrate for the production of phosphopeptides, which have a strong calcium chelating capacity and promoting calcium absorption and bone mineralization. This study investigated the effect of PV hydrolysates produced using a effective preparation method (high temperature (121°C) and mild pressure (0.1 MPa), HTMP) or HTMP pretreatment and trypsin hydrolysis combination (HTMP-PV18) on the physiology of an osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells line. The proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells were analyzed using the CCK-8, flow cytometry, and RT-PCR reactions, respectively. Both the HTMP-PV and HTMP-PV18 increased the proliferation, and inhibited the apoptosis of MC3T3-E1 cells significantly. The HTMP-PV increased the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells by 147.12 ± 2.11% and the HTMP-PV18 by 136.43 ± 4.51%. In addition, the HTMP-PV and HTMP-PV18 effectively promoted the expression of genes related to the OPG/RANKL signaling channel during cell differentiation. This indicated that both the HTMP-PV and HTMP-PV18 have the potential to promote bone mineralization by improving the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblastic cells.
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Zhao, Mengdie; Li, Shanshan; Ahn, Dong Uk; and Huang, Xi, "Phosvitin phosphopeptides produced by pressurized hea-trypsin hydrolysis promote the differentiation and mineralization of MC3T3-E1 cells via the OPG/RANKL signaling pathways" (2021). Animal Science Publications. 869.