Animal Science, Food Science and Human Nutrition
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The objective of this study was to determine the effect of nisin and selected meat additives (salt, lactate, lactate–diacetate combination, and polyphosphate) on the antimicrobial activities of ovotransferrin (OTF) against the growth of Listeria monocytogenes. A Bioscreen C turbidometer (Oy Growth Curves AB Ltd., Helsinki, Finland) was used to evaluate the effect of various concentrations of nisin and individual meat additives on the antilisterial activity of OTF in brain heart infusion (BHI) broth. The concentrations of OTF, meat additives, nisin, and their combinations that proved most inhibitory to L. monocytogenes were selected and their antilisterial effects were tested using frankfurters. Frankfurters were inoculated with L. monocytogenes (˜6.0 log10 cfu/frankfurter); treated with OTF, meat additives, and nisin singly or in combination; and held under vacuum at 4, 10, or 25°C. At 40 mg/mL, OTF strongly suppressed (3.46 log at 4 h and 2.59 log at 12 h) the growth of L. monocytogenes in BHI broth compared with the control. A combination of OTF (40 mg/mL) and nisin (1,000 IU) inhibited the growth of L. monocytogenes in BHI and in frankfurters held at 25°C below the detection limit (1 cfu/mL) at 12 h. However, the antimicrobial effect of OTF (40 mg/mL) alone was not observed in frankfurters at all temperatures used in this study. Nisin (1,000 IU), OTF (40 mg/mL), and nisin (1,000 IU) combination completely inhibited the growth of L. monocytogenes in frankfurters at all temperatures during 3 d. Salt at 0.5 and 1%, lactate at 0.78 and 1.56%, and lactate (1.56%) + diacetate (0.01%) did not alter the inhibitory effect of OTF against the pathogen in BHI, but salt at 2% or polyphosphate at 0.05% negated the growth inhibitory effect of OTF against L. monocytogenes. This study demonstrated that combination of OTF and nisin was effective in controlling L. monocytogenes.
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Poultry Science Association Inc.
Moon, S. H.; Paik, H.-D.; White, S.; Daraba, A.; Mendonca, Aubrey F.; and Ahn, Dong U., "Influence of nisin and selected meat additives on the antimicrobial effect of ovotransferrin against Listeria monocytogenes" (2011). Animal Science Publications. 877.