Animal Science, Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Roy J. Carver Department of
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The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic activities of ovotransferrin (OTF) from egg white and its enzyme hydrolysates (OTH). The OTF was hydrolyzed at 45°C for 3 h using neutrase, alcalase, acid (0.03 N HCl, pH 2.5), protamex, protex 6L, flavorzyme, α-chymotrypsin, trypsin, and collupulin MG. The enzyme to substrate ratio was 1:25 (wt/wt) in all experiments. Using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthizol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenylatetetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, the cytotoxicity of OTF and OTH was evaluated in human cancer cell lines of various tissue origins, including the lung (A549 and SK-MES-1), stomach (AGS), breast (MCF-7), larynx (Hep-2), cervix (HeLa), and liver (HepG2). The growth of all cancer cell lines was inhibited by both OTF and OTH in a dose-dependent manner. In particular, OTF displayed relatively high cytotoxicity (≤60% inhibition effects) at 40 mg/mL. At lower concentrations (≤5 mg/mL), however, OTF- and OTH-mediated cytotoxic effects were not significant in all cancer cell lines tested. The MCF-7 cells were the least sensitive to all treatments among all cancer cell lines tested. The OTH-trypsin and OTH-neutrase showed a potent cytotoxicity (over 90% cytotoxicity) to HeLa cells at the 10 mg/mL level. The OTH-trypsin, OTH-protamex, OTH-protex 6L, and OTH-collupulin MG caused 95, 96, 86, and 87% growth inhibition, respectively, in AGS cells. These results indicated there are possibilities that OTF and OTH can be used as natural growth inhibitors of human cancer cell lines.
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Moon, S. H.; Lee, J. H.; Lee, Y. J.; Chang, K. H.; Paik, J. Y.; Ahn, Dong U.; and Paik, H. D., "Screening for cytotoxic activity of ovotransferrin and its enzyme hydrolysates" (2013). Animal Science Publications. 882.