Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology
Journal or Book Title
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions
Certain plant-associated microbes can produce gibberellin (GA) phytohormones, as first described for the rice fungal pathogen Gibberella fujikuroi and, more recently, for bacteria, including several rhizobia and the rice bacterial pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola. The relevant enzymes are encoded by a biosynthetic operon that exhibits both a greater phylogenetic range and scattered distribution among plant-associated bacteria. Here, the phylogenetic distribution of this operon was investigated. To demonstrate conserved functionality, the enzymes encoded by the disparate operon from X. translucens pv. translucens, along with those from the most divergent example, found in Erwinia tracheiphila, were biochemically characterized. In both of these phytopathogens, the operon leads to production of the bioactive GA4. Based on these results, it seems that this operon is widely dedicated to GA biosynthesis. However, there is intriguing variation in the exact product. In particular, although all plant pathogens seem to produce bioactive GA4, rhizobia generally only produce the penultimate hormonal precursor GA9. This is suggested to reflect their distinct interactions with plants, because production of GA4 counteracts the jasmonic-acid-mediated defense response, reflecting the importance of wounds as the entry point for these phytopathogens, whereas such suppression presumably is detrimental in the rhizobial symbiotic relationship.
The American Phytopathological Society
Nagel, Raimund and Peters, Reuben J., "Investigating the Phylogenetic Range of Gibberellin Biosynthesis in Bacteria" (2017). Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications. 120.