Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Roy J. Carver Department of
Journal or Book Title
Journal of Molecular Biology
Activation of the phospholipase, PLCγ1, is critical for proper T cell signaling following antigen receptor engagement. In T cells, the Tec family kinase, ITK, phosphorylates PLCγ1 at tyrosine 783 (Y783) leading to activation of phospholipase function and subsequent production of the second messengers IP3 and DAG. In this work we demonstrate that PLCγ1 can be primed for ITK mediated phosphorylation on Y783 by a specific region of the adaptor protein, SLP-76. The SLP-76 phosphotyrosine containing sequence, pY173IDR, does not conform to the canonical recognition motif for an SH2 domain yet binds with significant affinity to the C-terminal SH2 domain of PLCγ1 (SH2C). The SLP-76 pY173 motif competes with the autoinhibited conformation surrounding the SH2C domain of PLCγ1 leading to exposure of the ITK recognition element on the PLCγ1 SH2 domain and release of the target tyrosine, Y783. These data contribute to the evolving model for the molecular events occurring early in the T cell activation process.
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Devkota, Sujan; Joseph, Raji E.; Min, Lie; Fulton, D. Bruce; and Andreotti, Amy, "Scaffold Protein SLP-76 Primes PLCγ1 for Activation by ITK-Mediated Phosphorylation" (2015). Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications. 193.