Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Roy J. Carver Department of
Journal or Book Title
Histones are subject to numerous post-translational modifications that correlate with the state of higher-order chromatin structure and gene expression. However, it is not clear whether changes in these epigenetic marks are causative regulatory factors in chromatin structure changes or whether they play a mainly reinforcing or maintenance role. In Drosophila phosphorylation of histone H3S10 in euchromatic chromatin regions by the JIL-1 tandem kinase has been implicated in counteracting heterochromatization and gene silencing. Here we show, using a LacI-tethering system, that JIL-1 mediated ectopic histone H3S10 phosphorylation is sufficient to induce a change in higher-order chromatin structure from a condensed heterochromatin-like state to a more open euchromatic state. This effect was absent when a `kinase dead' LacI-JIL-1 construct without histone H3S10 phosphorylation activity was expressed. Instead, the `kinase dead' construct had a dominant-negative effect, leading to a disruption of chromatin structure that was associated with a global repression of histone H3S10 phosphorylation levels. These findings provide direct evidence that the epigenetic histone tail modification of H3S10 phosphorylation at interphase can function as a causative regulator of higher-order chromatin structure in Drosophila in vivo.
Deng, Huai; Bao, Xiaomin; Cai, Weili; Blacketer, Melissa J.; Belmont, Andrew S.; Girton, Jack; Johansen, Jorgen; and Johansen, Kristen M., "Ectopic histone H3S10 phosphorylation causes chromatin structure remodeling in Drosophila" (2008). Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications. 235.