Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Roy J. Carver Department of
Journal or Book Title
Diterpenes are widely distributed across many biological kingdoms, where they serve a diverse range of physiological functions, and some have significant industrial utility. Their biosynthesis involves class I diterpene synthases (DTSs), whose activity can be preceded by that of class II diterpene cyclases (DTCs). Here, a modular metabolic engineering system was used to examine the promiscuity of DTSs. Strikingly, both a bacterial and plant DTS were found to exhibit extreme promiscuity, reacting with all available precursors with orthogonal activity, producing an olefin or hydroxyl group, respectively. Such DTS promiscuity enables combinatorial biosynthesis, with remarkably high yields for these unoptimized non-native enzymatic combinations (up to 15 mg/L). Indeed, it was possible to readily characterize the 13 unknown products. Notably, 16 of the observed diterpenes were previously inaccessible, and these results provide biosynthetic routes that are further expected to enable assembly of more extended pathways to produce additionally elaborated ‘non-natural’ diterpenoids.
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International Metabolic Engineering Society
Jia, Meirong; Potter, Kevin C.; and Peters, Reuben J., "Extreme promiscuity of a bacterial and a plant diterpene synthase enables combinatorial biosynthesis" (2016). Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications. 268.