Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Roy J. Carver Department of, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology
Journal or Book Title
Proteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics
It is known that over half of the proteins encoded by most organisms function as oligomeric complexes. Oligomerization confers structural stability and dynamics changes in proteins. We investigate the effects of oligomerization on protein dynamics and its functional significance for a set of 145 multimeric proteins. Using coarse-grained elastic network models, we inspect the changes in residue fluctuations upon oligomerization and then compare with residue conservation scores to identify the functional significance of these changes. Our study reveals conservation of about ½ of the fluctuations, with ¼ of the residues increasing in their mobilities and ¼ having reduced fluctuations. The residues with dampened fluctuations are evolutionarily more conserved and can serve as orthosteric binding sites, indicating their importance. We also use triosephosphate isomerase as a test case to understand why certain enzymes function only in their oligomeric forms despite the monomer including all required catalytic residues. To this end, we compare the residue communities (groups of residues which are highly correlated in their fluctuations) in the monomeric and dimeric forms of the enzyme. We observe significant changes to the dynamical community architecture of the catalytic core of this enzyme. This relates to its functional mechanism and is seen only in the oligomeric form of the protein, answering why proteins are oligomeric structures.
Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Mishra, Sambit Kumar; Sankar, Kannan; and Jernigan, Robert L., "Altered dynamics upon oligomerization corresponds to key functional sites" (2017). Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications. 297.