Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Roy J. Carver Department of
Journal or Book Title
The Plant Cell
Plants can contain biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) that nominally resemble those found in microbes. However, while horizontal gene transmission is often observed in microbes, plants are limited to vertical gene transmission, implying that their BGCs may exhibit distinct inheritance patterns. Rice (Oryza sativa) contains two unlinked BGCs involved in diterpenoid phytoalexin metabolism, with one clearly required for momilactone biosynthesis, while the other is associated with production of phytocassanes. Here, in the process of elucidating momilactone biosynthesis, genetic evidence was found demonstrating a role for a cytochrome P450 (CYP) from the other ‘phytocassane’ BGC. This CYP76M8 acts after the CYP99A2/3 from the ‘momilactone’ BGC, producing a hemiacetal intermediate that is oxidized to the eponymous lactone by a short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase also from this BGC. Thus, the ‘momilactone’ BGC is not only incomplete, but also fractured by the need for CYP76M8 to act in between steps catalyzed by enzymes from this BGC. Moreover, as supported by similar activity observed with orthologs from the momilactone-producing wild-rice species Oryza punctata, the presence of CYP76M8 in the other ‘phytocassane’ BGC indicates interdependent evolution of these two BGCs, highlighting the distinct nature of BGC assembly in plants.
American Society of Plant Biologists
Kitaoka, Naoki; Zhang, Juan; Oyagbenro, Richard K.; Brown, Benjamin; Wu, Yisheng; Yang, Bing; Li, Zhaohu; and Peters, Reuben J., "Interdependent evolution of biosynthetic gene clusters for momilactone production in rice" (2021). Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications. 308.
Available for download on Tuesday, February 01, 2022