Agronomy, Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Roy J. Carver Department of, Genetics and Genomics, Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
Journal or Book Title
Although DNA breaks stimulate mitotic recombination in plants, their effects on meiotic recombination are not known. Recombination across a maize a1 allele containing a non-autonomous Mu transposon was studied in the presence and absence of the MuDRencoded transposase. Recombinant A1’ alleles isolated from a1-mum2/a1::rdt heterozygotes arose via either crossovers (32 CO events) or non-crossovers (8 NCO events). In the presence of MuDR, the rate of COs increased four-fold. This increase is most likely a consequence of the repair of MuDR-induced DNA breaks at the Mu1 insertion in a1-mum2. Hence, this study provides the first in vivo evidence that DNA breaks stimulate meiotic crossovers in plants. The distribution of recombination breakpoints is not affected by the presence of MuDR in that 19 of 24 breakpoints isolated from plants that carried MuDR mapped to a previously defined 377-bp recombination hotspot. This result is consistent with the hypothesis that the DNA breaks that initiate recombination at a1 cluster at its 5’ end. Conversion tracts associated with eight NCO events ranged in size from <700 bp to >1,600 bp. This study also establishes that MuDR functions during meiosis and that ratios of CO/NCO vary among genes and can be influenced by genetic background.
Genetics Society of America
Yandeau-Nelson, Marna D.; Zhou, Qing; Yao, Hong; Xu, Xiaojie; Nikolau, Basil J.; and Schnable, Patrick S., "MuDR Transposase Increases the Frequency of Meiotic Crossovers in the Vicinity of a Mu Insertion in the Maize a1 Gene" (2005). Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications. 323.