Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV), an arthropod-borne orbivirus, causes significant mortality in white-tailed deer and can also cause disease in cattle. Objectives of this preliminary investigation were 1) to survey cattle at auction markets to determine the prevalence of anti-EHDV antibodies in Iowa cattle, 2) to determine EHDV seroprevalence in herds in which clinical EHD had been diagnosed, and 3) to determine whether EHDV is associated with stillbirths and/or congenital anomalies in calves. There was a 15% seroprevalence in auction market cattle; positive cattle were from southern, central, and western Iowa. Herds in which clinical EHD had been diagnosed had >60% seroprevalence. Viremia was detected in both clinically affected and unaffected cattle during an EHD outbreak. EHDV exposure was not consistently associated with congenital anomalies. Although additional surveillance is warranted, EHDV is unlikely to have a significant effect on the reproductive health of Iowa cattle.
Iowa State University
Sorden, Steven D.; Harms, Perry A.; Hartwig, Nolan; Petersburg, Kevin; Otto, Don J.; and Schiltz, John, "Investigation of the Potential Effects of Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus on Iowa Cattle" (2002). Beef Research Report, 2001. 33.