Campus Units

Biomedical Sciences

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date

7-2011

Journal or Book Title

International Journal for Parasitology

Volume

41

Issue

8

First Page

905

Last Page

913

DOI

10.1016/j.ijpara.2011.03.010

Abstract

Here we report the identification of a new family of helminth neuropeptides with members in both nematodes and flatworms, and include preliminary cell biological and functional characterisation of one of the peptides from the trematode parasite of humans,Schistosoma mansoni. Bioinformatics and Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends (RACE)-PCR were used to identify the complete S. mansoni neuropeptide precursor gene Sm-npp-1, which encodes three pentapeptides bearing the motif (A/G)FVR(I/L).NH2. Similar peptides were identified in three other flatworm species and in 15 nematode species. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) and immunocytochemical (ICC) analyses showed that Sm-npp-1 is constitutively expressed in larval and adult worms. ICC and confocal microscopy were employed to localise one of the schistosome NPP-1 peptides (GFVRIamide) in adult worms and schistosomules; antibodies labelled a pair of neurones in the cerebral ganglia that extend posteriorly along the main nerve cords. GFVRIamide displayed no detectable co-localisation with FMRFamide-like peptides (FLPs), nor was it detectable in muscle innervation. Exogenously applied peptide had a significant inhibitory effect on the mobility of whole adult worm pairs at 10−5 M (n = 9). Finally, we explored Sm-npp-1function in schistosomules using RNA interference (RNAi); we successfully achieved specific knockdown of the Sm-npp-1 transcript (54.46 ± 10.41% knockdown, n = 3), but did not detect any clear, aberrant mobility or morphological phenotypes. NPP-1-like peptides are a new family of helminth peptides with a cell-specific expression pattern distinct from FLPs and a modulatory effect on schistosome muscular activity.

Comments

This article is from International Journal for Parasitology 41 (2011): 905–913, doi:10.1016/j.ijpara.2011.03.010. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

Australian Society for Parasitology Inc.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Published Version

Included in

Parasitology Commons

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