Journal or Book Title
In contrast to peas (Pisum sativum), where mitochondrial lipoamide dehydrogenase is encoded by a single gene and shared between the α-ketoacid dehydrogenase complexes and the Gly decarboxylase complex, Arabidopsis has two genes encoding for two mitochondrial lipoamide dehydrogenases. Northern-blot analysis revealed different levels of RNA expression for the two genes in different organs; mtLPD1 had higher RNA levels in green leaves compared with the much lower level in roots. The mRNA formtLPD2 shows the inverse pattern. The other organs examined showed nearly equal RNA expressions for both genes. Analysis of etiolated seedlings transferred to light showed a strong induction of RNA expression for mtLPD1 but only a moderate induction of mtLPD2. Based on the organ and light-dependent expression patterns, we hypothesize thatmtLPD1encodes the protein most often associated with the Gly decarboxylase complex, and mtLPD2 encodes the protein incorporated into α-ketoacid dehydrogenase complexes. Due to the high level of sequence conservation between the two mtLPDs, we assume that the proteins, once in the mitochondrial matrix, are interchangeable among the different multienzyme complexes. If present at high levels, one mtLPD might substitute for the other. Supporting this hypothesis are results obtained with a T-DNA knockout mutant,mtlpd2, which shows no apparent phenotypic change under laboratory growth conditions. This indicates that mtLPD1 can substitute for mtLPD2 and associate with all these multienzyme complexes.
American Society of Plant Biologists
Lutziger, Isabelle and Oliver, David J., "Characterization of Two cDNAs Encoding Mitochondrial Lipoamide Dehydrogenase from Arabidopsis" (2001). Botany Publication and Papers. 1.