Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-1998

Journal or Book Title

Plant Physiology

Volume

117

Issue

2

First Page

473

Last Page

481

DOI

10.​1104/​pp.​117.​2.​473

Abstract

Biosynthesis of sucrose from triacylglycerol requires the bypass of the CO2-evolving reactions of the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. The regulation of the TCA cycle bypass during lipid mobilization was examined. Lipid mobilization inBrassica napus was initiated shortly after imbibition of the seed and proceeded until 2 d postimbibition, as measured by in vivo [1-14C]acetate feeding to whole seedlings. The activity of NAD+-isocitrate dehydrogenase (a decarboxylative enzyme) was not detected until 2 d postimbibition. RNA-blot analysis ofB. napusseedlings demonstrated that the mRNA for NAD+-isocitrate dehydrogenase was present in dry seeds and that its level increased through the 4 d of the experiment. This suggested that NAD+-isocitrate dehydrogenase activity was regulated by posttranscriptional mechanisms during early seedling development but was controlled by mRNA level after the 2nd or 3rd d. The activity of fumarase (a component of the nonbypassed section of the TCA cycle) was low but detectable in B. napus seedlings at 12 h postimbibition, coincident with germination, and increased for the next 4 d. RNA-blot analysis suggested that fumarase activity was regulated primarily by the level of its mRNA during germination and early seedling development. It is concluded that posttranscriptional regulation of NAD+-isocitrate dehydrogenase activity is one mechanism of restricting carbon flux through the decarboxylative section of the TCA cycle during lipid mobilization in germinating oilseeds.

Comments

This article is from Plant Physiology 117, no. 2 (June 1998): 473–481, doi:10.1104/pp.117.2.473.

Copyright Owner

American Society of Plant Biologists

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Included in

Botany Commons

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