Title

Zonation, Competitive Displacement and Standing Crop of Northwest Iowa Fen Communities

Campus Units

Botany

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

6-1976

Journal or Book Title

Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science

Volume

83

Issue

2

First Page

51

Last Page

54

Abstract

Well developed Iowa fens contain three distinct vegetation zones (border zone, sedge mat zone and discharge zone). On the average, the above ground standing crop of these zones is 425, 197 and 528 g/m2 respectively. Species growing on these fens show three basic distributional patterns: (I) they grow in the border and discharge zones; (2) they grow primarily in the sedge mat zone or (3) they grow in all three zones. Individual plants of species growing in the border and/or discharge zone are on the average 1.6 to 2. 7 times taller and weigh 1.8 to 5.4 times more than when they grow on the sedge mat zone. Species with primarily bimodal or ubiquitous distributions show the greatest decline in height and weight when found in the discharge zone. The three Iowa fen zones are a result of differences in environmental conditions, plus competitive displacement of the dominant sedge mat species from the border and discharge zones.

Comments

This article is published as van der Valk, A. G. 1976. Zonation, competitive displacement, and standing crop of northwest Iowa fen communities. Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science 83:51-54. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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