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Bulletin

Article Title

Sugar experiments

Abstract

The United States imports $120,000,000 worth of sugar annually from foreign countries. As we have a great diversity of climate and 110 other country has better soils, it is remarkable that greater efforts have not been made to produce it at home and prevent our money from going abroad. Sugar cane is the only plant from which sugar was made in considerable quantities in this country prior to last year, and it can be grown profitably only within limited areas of Louisiana and Texas. But the results of the experiments which were made with sorghum last year and this year, indicate that skill and suitable machinery is all that is needed to make sugar from it profitably in Kansas and other western states. Since the introduction of Amber cane, only ordinary care has been necessary to produce good syrup cheaply in Iowa, which has generally shown a strong tendency to granulate. This variety of sorghum has proved to be one of our most reliable crops and rich in sucrose; but it is generally understood that sugar can not be extracted from it profitably, except by the use very costly machinery in large factories. I f such belief is well founded, then sugar can not be made in large quantities in Iowa, because the time (twenty to thirty days) is too short between the ripening of the canes and frost, to warrant the expenditure of very large sums of money in sugar factories. But such work can be done as well in small factories as large ones, and that others may judge whether I am right or not, I will explain the principle troubles which are always encountered in making sugar from sorghum and sugar cane. Sucrose is cane sugar, which crystallizes readily when surrounded by favorable conditions, and glucose is grape sugar, which can not be crystallized by the ordinary processes for making sugar.

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