Article Title

The Gumbo soils of Iowa


The term “gumbo” is quite generally understood by the farmers of this state to refer to a very dark colored, heavy type of soil, occurring on certain flat areas, either river bottoms or the very level uplands. Usually it is inky black. It is more adhesive and bakes more easily than any other type of soil in this state. Yet any one who has had experience with gumbo will testify that it can at times be put into excellent tilth, having a fine mealy appearance, which is quite deceptive of its real nature. A seed bed will sometimes work up as mellow as an ash heap and remain so all summer if it is not puddled by being stirred while too wet.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.