About ten years ago the Iowa Agricultural College imported from Russia types of the Rosa rugosa family, varying materially from the varieties introduced from China and Japan. The Russian forms prove hardier in the north, are more graceful in habit, and are finer in bud, flavor and foliage than the Japan varieties. Prof. L. H. Bailey, of the Cornell University Experiment Station, says in American Gardening (June, 1892, p. 342), of these types:
“The form of rugosa from Russia, when grown side by side with the ordinary type, is about two weeks later to bloom, and a little darker in color. Where the ordinary rugosa has only two or three buds and flowers in a cluster, this one averages about four or five. The buds show a rich dark red between the narrow sepals, and besides being very long they are very pretty. * * * The blossom from which our engraving is made measures six inches across. * * * The double form of the rose introduced by Professor Budd seems to belong to the rugosa strain, and is known as R. cinnamomea. The blooms are six inches across, quite double, crimson in color, not quite so glowing as the type of rugosa, but more fragrant. The leaves are slightly serrated, bright green and leathery.”
Budd, J. L. and Hansen, N. E.
Bulletin: Vol. 2
, Article 6.
Available at: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/bulletin/vol2/iss22/6