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American society has become increasingly concerned with several facets of economic and technological development. One element is population growth. With higher levels of population being projected for the future, particular distributions of industrial, urban and municipal demands for water will place rapidly growing pressures on its supply. However, economic development not only increases the demand for water but also utilizes technologies that produce outputs and byproducts which pollute streams and lessen water quality. Agricultural technology is closely related to these developmental problems in several ways: First, rapidly growing supply capacity based on modern technological inputs has caused farm prices and income to be depressed. Remedial measures have been large treasury outlays for programs of supply control, land retirement and price supports. Second, the modern inputs which cause agriculture to be so productive generate outputs which flow into streams as unused insecticides, nitrates, phosphates and animal wastes and may cause significant deterioration of water quality in particular streams and locations.

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Center for Agricultural and Economic Development, Iowa State University


Ames, IA


Agricultural and Resource Economics | Agricultural Economics | Agricultural Science | Agriculture | Natural Resource Economics | Natural Resources Management and Policy | Water Resource Management

Agricultural and water policies and the environment: an analysis of national alternatives in natural resource use, food supply capacity and environmental quality