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The United States has long implemented supply control programs to reduce output and raise farm prices and incomes. The first supply control programs were created more than 45 years ago by the Agricultural Adjustment Act of l933. The nation also has long had a concern for conserving the land. In more recent times, the public has become concerned with maintaining and improving the environment. Soil conservation legislation dates from 1936 with passage of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act. Supply control, soil conservation, and environmental programs generally have not been coordinated. Each program has been formulated to deal with a specific problem rather than addressing the "whole" of this set of agricultural policy needs. The potential for comprehensive policy formulation exists though, and the possible complementarities could significantly increase the efficiency of national agricultural policy in general. This study examines the possibility of managing land to simultaneously reduce output and conserve the soil. It analyzes interregional impacts of different supply control and soil conservation programs on income generation, resource use, program costs, and other associated variables.

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Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University


Ames, IA


Agricultural and Resource Economics | Agricultural Economics | Agricultural Science | Agriculture | Agronomy and Crop Sciences | Natural Resources Management and Policy | Soil Science

A separable programming analysis of U.S. agricultural export, price and income, and soil conservation policies in 1985