Income, region, education, and household demographics are among the significant determinants of alcohol expenditures according to this study. The authors examine the determinants of household alcohol expenditures by using a nonnormal and heteroskedastic double-hurdle model to accommodate zero observations in the sample.
This working paper was published as Yen, Steven T. and Helen H. Jensen, "Determinants of Household Expenditures on Alcohol," The Journal of Consumer Affairs 30 (1996): 48–67, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6606.1996.tb00725.x.
Yen, Steven T. and Jensen, Helen H., "Determinants of Household Expenditures on Alcohol" (1995). CARD Working Papers. 209.