This paper uses an empirical simulation model to examine links between trade integration, pollution, and public health in Chile. Using a general equilibrium framework, we synthesize economic, engineering, and health data in a way that elucidates this complex relationship and can support more coherent policy in all three areas. The basic tool of analysis is a 72-sector calibrated general equilibrium (CGE) model, incorporating monitoring functions for 13 effluent categories and a variety of mortality and morbidity indicators. While the methodology supports more general applications, present attention is confined to atmospheric pollution and health status in the Santiago metropolitan area.
Beghin, John C.; Bowland, Brad J.; Dessus, Sebastien; Roland-Holst, David; and van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique, "Trade Integration, Environmental Degradation, and Public Health in Chile: Assessing the Linkages" (1999). CARD Working Papers. 237.