Agricultural policies in most countries are aimed at protecting agents involved in food production or consumption from a variety of undesirable outcomes, including: price and/or political instability, food shortages, declining agricultural income and the resulting rural-urban migration. The European Community (EC), formed in 1959, is best organized for the purpose of protecting agricultural producers and in recent years has been the target of criticism by the opponents of this protection.
Bahreinian, Aniss and Meyers, William H., "EC Trade Liberalization and World Trade in Feed Grains: A Comparison and A Criticism" (1986). CARD Working Papers. 41.