03-WP 356 (Revised)
We analyze the impact of trade liberalization, removal of production subsidies, and elimination of consumption distortions in world sugar markets using a partial-equilibrium international sugar model calibrated on 2002 market data and current policies. The removal of trade distortions alone induces a 27% price increase while the removal of all trade and production distortions induces a 48% increase by 2011/12 relative to the baseline. Aggregate trade expands moderately, but location of production and trade patterns change substantially. Protectionist OECD countries (the EU, Japan, the US) experience an import expansion or export reduction and significant contraction in production in unfettered markets. Competitive producers in both OECD countries (Australia) and non-OECD countries (Brazil, Cuba), and even some protected producers (Indonesia, Turkey), expand production when all distortions are removed. Consumption distortions have marginal impacts on world markets and location of production. We discuss the significance of these results in the context of mounting pressures to increase market access in highly protected OECD countries and the impact on non-OECD countries.
This working paper was published as Elobeid, Amani and John Beghin, "Multilateral Trade and Agricultural Policy Reforms in Sugar Markets," Journal of Agricultural Economics 57 (2006): 23–48, doi:10.1111/j.1477-9552.2006.00030.x.
Elobeid, Amani E. and Beghin, John C., "Multilateral Trade and Agricultural Policy Reforms in Sugar Markets" (2005). CARD Working Papers. 434.