Document Type

Conference Proceeding


48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition

Publication Date



Orlando, FL


Kinetic equations containing terms for spatial transport, gravity, fluid drag and particle-particle collisions can be used to model dilute gas-particle flows. However, the enormity of independent variables makes direct numerical simulation of these equations almost impossible for practical problems. A viable alternative is to reformulate the problem in terms of moments of velocity distribution. Recently, a quadrature-based moment method was derived by Fox for approximating solutions to kinetic equation for arbitrary Knudsen number. Fox also described 1st- and 2nd-order finite-volume schemes for solving the equations. The success of the new method is based on a moment-inversion algorithm that is used to calculate non-negative weights and abscissas from moments. The moment-inversion algorithm does not work if the moments are non-realizable, meaning they do not correspond to a distribution function. Not all the finite-volume schemes lead to realizable moments. Desjardins et al. showed that realizability is guaranteed with the 1 st-order finite-volume scheme, but at the expense of excess numerical diffusion. In the present work, the nonrealizability of the standard 2 nd-order finite-volume scheme is demonstrated and a generalized idea for the development of high-order realizable finite-volume schemes for quadrature-based moment methods is presented. This marks a significant improvement in the accuracy of solutions using the quadrature-based moment method as the use of 1st-order scheme to guarantee realizability is no longer a limitation.


This article is from 48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition 4 - 7 January 2010, Orlando, Florida, article number 2010-1080.

Copyright Owner

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics




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