Journal or Book Title
Center for Turbulence Research Annual Research Briefs
With the large increase in available computational resources, large-eddy simulation (LES) of industrial configurations has become an efficient and tractable alternative to traditional multiphase turbulence models. Many applications involve a liquid or solid disperse phase carried by a gas phase (eg, fuel injection in automotive or aeronautical engines, fluidized beds, and alumina particles in rocket boosters).
Center for Turbulence Research
Laurent, Frederique; Vie, Aymeric; Chalons, Christophe; Fox, Rodney O.; and Massot, Marc, "A hierarchy of Eulerian models for trajectory crossing in particle-laden turbulent flows over a wide range of Stokes numbers" (2013). Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications. 120.