Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-2012

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Visualized Experiments

Volume

64

First Page

e3883

DOI

10.3791/3883

Abstract

Biodegradable nanoparticles have emerged as a versatile platform for the design and implementation of new intranasal vaccines against respiratory infectious diseases. Specifically, polyanhydride nanoparticles composed of the aliphatic sebacic acid (SA), the aromatic 1,6-bis(p-carboxyphenoxy)hexane (CPH), or the amphiphilic 1,8-bis(p-carboxyphenoxy)-3,6-dioxaoctane (CPTEG) display unique bulk and surface erosion kinetics and can be exploited to slowly release functional biomolecules (e.g., protein antigens, immunoglobulins, etc.) in vivo. These nanoparticles also possess intrinsic adjuvant activity, making them an excellent choice for a vaccine delivery platform. In order to elucidate the mechanisms governing the activation of innate immunity following intranasal mucosal vaccination, one must evaluate the molecular and cellular responses of the antigen presenting cells (APCs) responsible for initiating immune responses. Dendritic cells are the principal APCs found in conducting airways, while alveolar macrophages (AMΦ) predominate in the lung parenchyma. AMΦ are highly efficient in clearing the lungs of microbial pathogens and cell debris. In addition, this cell type plays a valuable role in the transport of microbial antigens to the draining lymph nodes, which is an important first step in the initiation of an adaptive immune response. AMΦ also express elevated levels of innate pattern recognition and scavenger receptors, secrete pro-inflammatory mediators, and prime naïve T cells. A relatively pure population of AMΦ (e.g., greater than 80%) can easily be obtained via lung lavage for study in the laboratory. Resident AMΦ harvested from immune competent animals provide a representative phenotype of the macrophages that will encounter the particle-based vaccine in vivo. Herein, we describe the protocols used to harvest and culture AMΦ from mice and examine the activation phenotype of the macrophages following treatment with polyanhydride nanoparticles in vitro.

Comments

This article is from Journal of Visualized Experiments 64 (2012): e3883, doi: 10.3791/3883.

Rights

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright Owner

Chavez-Santoscoy et al.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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