Research Focus Area
Catalysis and Reaction Engineering
Journal or Book Title
The pioneering investigation of Jacobs and Mirkus (1) showed that substantial amounts of sulfur could be removed from Illinois No. 6 coal by treatment with mixtures of air, nitrogen, and steam in a fluidized bed reactor at moderately elevated temperatures. Thus by treating coal, which had been ground in a hammer mill (100% through 8-mesh screen), with a gas mixture containing 2.7% oxygen, 35% steam, and 62.3% nitrogen at 510°C for 30 min, the sulfate and pyritic sulfur content of the solids was reduced about 80% and the organic sulfur content 10%. However, at the same time the content of combustible volatile matter was reduced about 65%. Desulfurization improved with increasing residence time and decreasing particle size, but it was affected only slightly by oxygen concentrations in the range of 2-10% or steam concentrations in the range of 0-85%. The sulfur content of the char declined as the treatment temperature.
American Chemical Society
Haldipur, G.B. and Wheelock, Thomas D., "Desulfurization of Coal in a Fluidized-Bed Reactor" (1977). Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications. 283.