Chemical and Biological Engineering, Ames Laboratory
Research Focus Area
Computational Fluid Dynamics
Journal or Book Title
International Journal of Multiphase Flow
In this work, we present a rigorous derivation of the volume-filtered viscous compressible Navier–Stokes equations for disperse two-phase flows. Compared to incompressible flows, many new unclosed terms appear. These terms are quantified via a posteriori filtering of two-dimensional direct simulations of shock-particle interactions. We demonstrate that the pseudo-turbulent kinetic energy (PTKE) systematically acts to reduce the local gas-phase pressure and consequently increase the local Mach number. Its magnitude varies with volume fraction and filter size, which can be characterized using a Knudsen number based on the filter size and inter-particle spacing. A transport equation for PTKE is derived and closure models are proposed to accurately capture its evolution. The resulting set of volume-filtered equations are implemented within a high-order Eulerian–Lagrangian framework. An interphase coupling strategy consistent with the volume filtered formulation is employed to ensure grid convergence. Finally PTKE obtained from the volume-filtered Eulerian–Lagrangian simulations are compared to a series of two- and three-dimensional direct simulations of shocks passing through stationary particles.
Shallcross, Gregory S.; Fox, Rodney O.; and Capecelatro, Jesse, "A volume-filtered description of compressible particle-laden flows" (2019). Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications. 391.