Campus Units

Chemical and Biological Engineering

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

10-9-2019

Journal or Book Title

PLoS ONE

Volume

14

Issue

10

First Page

e0223568

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0223568

Abstract

Engineering remains the least gender diverse of the science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields. Chemical engineering (ChE) and electrical engineering (EE) are exemplars of relatively high and low gender diversity, respectively. Here, we investigate departmental, institutional, and regional factors associated with gender diversity among BS graduates within the US, 2010–2016. For both fields, gender diversity was significantly higher at private institutions (p < 1x10-6) and at historically black institutions (p < 1x10-5). No significant association was observed with gender diversity among tenure-track faculty, PhD-granting status, and variations in departmental name beyond the standard “chemical engineering” or “electrical engineering”. Gender diversity among EE graduates was significantly decreased (p = 8x10-5) when a distinct degree in computer engineering was available; no such association was observed between ChE gender diversity and the presence of biology-associated degrees. States with a highly gender diverse ChE workforce had a significantly higher degree of gender diversity among BS graduates (p = 3x10-5), but a significant association was not observed for EE. State variation in funding of support services for K-12 pupils significantly impacted gender diversity of graduates in both fields (p < 1x10-3), particularly in regards to instructional staff support (p < 5x10-4). Nationwide, gender diversity could not be concluded to be either significantly increasing or significantly decreasing for either field.

Comments

This article is published as Jarboe, Laura R. "Regional, institutional, and departmental factors associated with gender diversity among BS-level chemical and electrical engineering graduates." PLoS ONE 14, no. 10 (2019): e0223568. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223568. Posted with permission.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Copyright Owner

Laura R. Jarboe

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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