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Chemical and Biological Engineering, Ames Laboratory

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Computational Fluid Dynamics

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In this work, model closures of the multiphase Reynolds-Average Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations are developed for homogeneous, fully-developed gas--particle flows. To date, the majority of RANS closures are based on extensions of single-phase turbulence models, which fail to capture complex two-phase flow dynamics across dilute and dense regimes, especially when two-way coupling between the phases is important. In the present study, particles settle under gravity in an unbounded viscous fluid. At sufficient mass loadings, interphase momentum exchange between the phases results in the spontaneous generation of particle clusters that sustain velocity fluctuations in the fluid. Data generated from Eulerian--Lagrangian simulations are used in a sparse regression method for model closure that ensures form invariance. Particular attention is paid to modelling the unclosed terms unique to the multiphase RANS equations (drag production, drag exchange, pressure strain and viscous dissipation). A minimal set of tensors is presented that serve as the basis for modelling. It is found that sparse regression identifies compact, algebraic models that are accurate across flow conditions and robust to sparse training data.


This is a pre-print of the article Beetham, S., R. O. Fox, and J. Capecelatro. "Sparse identification of multiphase turbulence closures for coupled fluid--particle flows." arXiv preprint arXiv:2004.08997 (2020). Posted with permission.

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