Campus Units

Chemical and Biological Engineering, Nanovaccine Institute

Document Type


Research Focus Area

Advanced and Nanostructured Materials, Health Care Technology and Biomedical Engineering

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date


Journal or Book Title

Bioengineering and Translational Medicine

First Page





Precise monitoring of specific biomarkers in biological fluids with accurate biodiagnostic sensors is critical for early diagnosis of diseases and subsequent treatment planning. In this work, we demonstrated an innovative biodiagnostic sensor, portable reusable accurate diagnostics with nanostar antennas (PRADA), for multiplexed biomarker detection in small volumes (~50 μl) enabled in a microfluidic platform. Here, PRADA simultaneously detected two biomarkers of myocardial infarction, cardiac troponin I (cTnI), which is well accepted for cardiac disorders, and neuropeptide Y (NPY), which controls cardiac sympathetic drive. In PRADA immunoassay, magnetic beads captured the biomarkers in human serum samples, and gold nanostars (GNSs) “antennas” labeled with peptide biorecognition elements and Raman tags detected the biomarkers via surface‐enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). The peptide‐conjugated GNS‐SERS barcodes were leveraged to achieve high sensitivity, with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.0055 ng/ml of cTnI, and a LOD of 0.12 ng/ml of NPY comparable with commercially available test kits. The innovation of PRADA was also in the regeneration and reuse of the same sensor chip for ~14 cycles. We validated PRADA by testing cTnI in 11 de‐identified cardiac patient samples of various demographics within a 95% confidence interval and high precision profile. We envision low‐cost PRADA will have tremendous translational impact and be amenable to resource‐limited settings for accurate treatment planning in patients.


This is the published version of the following article: Wen, Xiaona, Yu‐Chuan Ou, Holly F. Zarick, Xin Zhang, Anthony B. Hmelo, Quinton J. Victor, Eden P. Paul, Joseph M. Slocik, Rajesh R. Naik, Leon M. Bellan, Eugene C. Lin, and Rizia Bardhan. "PRADA: Portable Reusable Accurate Diagnostics with nanostar Antennas for Multiplexed Biomarker Screening." Bioengineering & Translational Medicine (2020): e10165, which can be found at DOI: 10.1002/btm2.10165.


Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.



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