Chemical and Biological Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Neuroscience, Ames Laboratory, Physics and Astronomy
Research Focus Area
Advanced and Nanostructured Materials
Journal or Book Title
We report on the assembly of gold nanoparticle (AuNPs) superlattices at the liquid/vapor interface and in the bulk of their suspensions. Interparticle distances in the assemblies are achieved on multiple length scales by varying chain lengths of surface grafted AuNPs by polyethylene glycol (PEG) with molecular weights in the range 2000–40,000 Da. Crystal structures and lattice constants in both 2D and 3D assemblies are determined by synchrotron-based surface-sensitive and small-angle X-ray scattering. Assuming knowledge of grafting density, we show that experimentally determined interparticle distances are adequately modeled by spherical brushes close to the θ point (Flory–Huggins parameter, ) for 2D superlattices at a liquid interface and a nonsolvent (χ = ∞) for the 3D dry superlattices.
American Chemical Society
Kim, Hyeong Jin; Wang, Wenjie; Zhang, Honghu; Freychet, Guillaume; Ocko, Benjamin M.; Travesset, Alex; Mallapragada, Surya K.; and Vaknin, David, "Effect of Polymer Chain Length on the Superlattice Assembly of Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles" (2021). Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications. 484.