Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Institute for Transportation
Transportation Research Board 96th Annual Meeting
Journal or Book Title
TRB 96th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers
January 8-12, 2017
To improve the safety of people walking at particular signalized intersections, traffic signal engineers may implement leading pedestrian intervals (LPI) to provide pedestrians with a walk signal for a few seconds prior to the parallel vehicular green indication. Previous research using before-after studies and simple economic analyses shows that LIPs are low cost tools that can reduce vehicle-pedestrian conflicts and crashes at some signalized intersections. Despite this evidence, there is a little guidance for municipalities on when to implement LPIs. this paper develops a marginal costs and benefits framework using quantitative metrics, extending the concept of traffic conflicts and marginal safety-delay tradeoffs to analyze the appropriateness of implementing an LPI at specific signalized intersections. The guidance provided by this method helps quantify the probability of a conflict happening, and provides direction on whether or not to implement an LPI at a given location based upon macroscopic level inputs, including turning movement counts, crash data, and geometry. A case study with sample data indicates that an LIP is cost effective for the scenario presented.
Sharma, Anuj; Smaglik, Edward; Kothuri, Sirisha; Smith, Oliver; Koonce, Peter; and Huang, Tingting, "Leading Pedestrian Interval Implementation as a Marginal Costs and Benefits Problem" (2017). Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings. 40.