Campus Units

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date

1-2015

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Bridge Engineering

Volume

20

Issue

1

First Page

04014055-1

Last Page

04014055-11

DOI

10.1061/(ASCE)BE.1943-5592.0000641

Abstract

Current seismic design practice related to integral bridge girder-to-cap beam connections allows little or no lateral seismic load to be distributed beyond the girders immediately adjacent to the column. However, distribution results from several large-scale tests have shown that the distribution of column seismic moment typically engages all the girders. An approach utilizing simple stiffness models to predict distribution in integral bridge structures is presented in detail; distribution predictions based on grillage analyses also are compared. The experimental results and the analytical results from the stiffness and grillage models show that current design methods related to vertical load distribution are sufficiently accurate. However, when applied to the distribution of lateral load, similarly obtained results reveal that current design practice does not appropriately account for the amount of load that is distributed beyond the girders adjacent to the column to the nonadjacent girders. The current practice leads to excessive girder-to-cap connection reinforcement, increased girder depth, unnecessarily high seismic mass, and increased construction cost. Finally, this paper makes recommendations for more appropriate distribution of seismic lateral load in integral bridge superstructures. D

Research Focus Area

Geotechnical/Materials Engineering

Comments

This is a manuscript of an article published as Vander Werff, J., & Sritharan, S. (2014). Girder Load Distribution for Seismic Design of Integral Bridges. Journal of Bridge Engineering, 20(1), 04014055. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)BE.1943-5592.0000641. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

ASCE

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Published Version

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