Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Center for Nondestructive Evaluation (CNDE), Institute for Transportation
Journal or Book Title
Sustainable Cities and Society
Airports are moving toward utilizing clean energy technologies along with the implementation of practices that reduce local emissions. This includes replacing fossil fuel-based with electricity-based operations. These changes would significantly impact the energy demand profile of airports. Electrically-conductive concrete (ECON) is currently a focus of heated pavement design for replacing conventional snow removal practices. ECON heated pavement systems (HPSs) use electricity to heat the pavement surface. Since experimental studies are resource intensive and ECON HPS performance depends on weather conditions, developing a field data-validated numerical model enables its long term energy performance evaluation. In this research, a finite element (FE) model is developed and experimentally-validated using two proposed model-updating methods for full-scale ECON HPS test slabs constructed at Des Moines International Airport (DSM) in Iowa. The model predicts energy demands and average surface temperatures within 2% and 13% respectively. The estimated power demand ranges from 325 to 460 W/m2 for different weather conditions. The results of this study provide a validated tool that can be used to evaluate the energy demand of ECON HPS. Studying the energy demand of ECON HPS opens the way for developing control strategies to optimize its energy use which will contribute to developing sustainable communities.
Research Focus Area
Environmental/Water Resources Engineering, Transportation Engineering
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Sadati, S.M. Sajed; Cetin, Kristen S.; Ceylan, Halil; Sassani, Alireza; and Kim, Sunghwan, "Energy and thermal performance evaluation of an automated snow and ice removal system at airports using numerical modeling and field measurements" (2018). Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications. 190.
Available for download on Sunday, August 18, 2019