Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Institute for Transportation
Journal or Book Title
Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies
Automatic incident detection (AID) is crucial for reducing non-recurrent congestion caused by traffic incidents. In this paper, we propose a data-driven AID framework that can leverage large-scale historical traffic data along with the inherent topology of the traffic networks to obtain robust traffic patterns. Such traffic patterns can be compared with the real-time traffic data to detect traffic incidents in the road network. Our AID framework consists of two basic steps for traffic pattern estimation. First, we estimate a robust univariate speed threshold using historical traffic information from individual sensors. This step can be parallelized using MapReduce framework thereby making it feasible to implement the framework over large networks. Our study shows that such robust thresholds can improve incident detection performance significantly compared to traditional threshold determination. Second, we leverage the knowledge of the topology of the road network to construct threshold heatmaps and perform image denoising to obtain spatio-temporally denoised thresholds. We used two image denoising techniques, bilateral filtering and total variation for this purpose. Our study shows that overall AID performance can be improved significantly using bilateral filter denoising compared to the noisy thresholds or thresholds obtained using total variation denoising.
Research Focus Area
Chakraborty, Pranamesh; Hegde, Chinmay; and Sharma, Anuj, "Data-driven parallelizable traffic incident detection using spatio-temporally denoised robust thresholds" (2019). Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications. 255.