Journal or Book Title
International Journal of Sustainable Engineering
Lignin is considered as nature's most abundant aromatic polymer co-generated during papermaking and biomass fractionation. There are different types of lignins depending on the source (hardwood, softwood, annual crops, etc.) and recovery process. Recently, an emerging class of lignin products, namely sulphur-free lignins, from biomass conversion processes, solvent pulping and soda pulping, have generated interesting new applications owing to their versatility. As the renewable energy industry is expanding into developing the next generation of biofuels based on cellulosic biomass (e.g. corn stover, forest products waste, switch grass), abundant supply of sulphur-free lignin will become available as co-products for which value-added engineering applications are being sought. This paper discusses the potential for utilising lignin-containing biofuel co-products for stabilisation of geo-foundation beneath road pavements. Laboratory test results indicate that the biofuel co-products were effective in stabilising the Iowa class 10 soil (CL or A-6(8) soil classification). Utilisation of cellulosic biomass-derived lignin in transportation infrastructure strengthening applications appears to be one of the many viable answers to the profitability of the bio-based products and the bioenergy business from the perspectives of sustainable infrastructure systems.
Research Focus Area
Taylor & Francis
Gopalakrishnan, Kasthurirangan; Ceylan, Halil; and Kim, Sunghwan, "Renewable biomass-derived lignin in transportation infrastructure strengthening applications" (2013). Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications. 61.