Campus Units

Chemistry, Materials Science and Engineering, Physics and Astronomy, Ames Laboratory

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date

5-23-2019

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Physical Chemistry C

Volume

123

Issue

20

First Page

12954

Last Page

12965

DOI

10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b03770

Abstract

We provide a comprehensive theoretical assessment at the level of density functional theory (DFT) of the stability of various coinage metal–sulfur complexes, both in the gas phase and also for the complexes adsorbed on the (111) surface of the same coinage metal. Our primary interest lies in the latter where earlier scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) experiments were interpreted to suggest the existence of adsorbed S-decorated metal trimers, sometimes as a component of more complex adlayer structures. Recent STM studies at 5 K directly observed other isolated adsorbed metal–sulfur complexes. For these adsorbed species, we calculate various aspects of their energetics including a natural measure of stability corresponding to their formation energy from sulfur adsorbed on terraces and from metal atoms that are in thermal equilibrium with the substrate. From this perspective, our DFT analysis shows that all of Ag2S3, Ag3S3, and many larger complexes on Ag(111) are strongly stable, Cu2S3 is stable, and some larger complexes are marginally stable on Cu(111), but only Au4S4 on Au(111) is stable. Results are consistent with STM observations for Cu(111) and Ag(111) surfaces but appear to deviate slightly for Au(111). A systematic analysis relating stability in the gas phase with that of adsorbed species is achieved within the framework of Hess’s law. This analysis also unambiguously elucidates various energetic contributions to stability.

Comments

This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Journal of Physical Chemistry C, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b03770. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

American Chemical Society

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Available for download on Thursday, April 30, 2020

Published Version

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