A diffraction paradox: An unusually broad diffraction background signals ideal graphene

Shen Chen, Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory
Michael Horn-von Hoegen, University of Duisburg-Essen
Patricia A. Thiel, Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory
Michael C. Tringides, Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

This is a pre-print of the article Chen, Shen, M. Horn-von Hoegen, Patricia A. Thiel, and Michael C. Tringides. "A diffraction paradox: An unusually broad diffraction background signals ideal graphene." arXiv preprint arXiv:1908.03506 (2019). Posted with permission.

Abstract

The realization of the unusual properties of 2-d materials requires the formation of large domains of single layer thickness, extending over the mesoscale. It is found that the formation of ideal graphene on SiC, contrary to textbook diffraction , is signaled by a strong bell-shaped-component (BSC) around the (00) and G(10), but not the SiC(10) spots.The BSC is also seen for graphene on metals, because single layer uniform graphene with large lateral size can also be grown. It is only seen by electron diffraction and not with X-ray or He-scattering experiments. Most likely it originates from the spatial confinement of the graphene electrons within a single layer. This leads to a large spread in their wavevector, which is transferred through electron-electron interactions to the elastically scattered electrons to generate the BSC.