Journal or Book Title
Folate receptors are overexpressed on cancer cells and frequently used for targeted delivery. Creation of synthetic receptors to bind folic acid and its analogues in water, however, is challenging because of its complex hydrogen-bonding patterns and competition for hydrogen bonds from the solvent. Micellar imprinting within cross-linkable surfactants circumvented these problems because the nonpolar micellar environment strengthened the hydrogen bonds between the amide group in the surfactant and the template molecule. Incorporation of polymerizable thiouronium functional monomers further enhanced the binding through hydrogen-bond-reinforced ion pairs with the glutamate moiety of the template. The resulting imprinted micelles were able to bind folate and their analogues with submicromolar affinity and distinguish small changes in the hydrogen-bonding patterns as well as the number/position of carboxylic acids. The binding constant obtained was 2–3 orders of magnitude higher than those reported for small-molecule synthetic receptors. Our binding study also revealed interesting details in the binding. For example, the relative contributions of different segments of the molecule to the binding followed the order of carboxylates > pyrimidine ring > pyrazine ring.
American Chemical Society
Duan, Likun and Zhao, Yan, "Selective Binding of Folic Acid and Derivatives by Imprinted Nanoparticle Receptors in Water" (2018). Chemistry Publications. 1199.